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BACON (Bățani)

It is one of the biggest villages of Barót Region, lays at the foot of the south Harghita Mountains. It administers the following villages: Nagybacon (Bățanii Mari), Kisbacon (BățaniiMici), Magyarhermány (Herculian), Szárazajta (AitaSeacă) and Uzonkafürdő (Ozunca-Băi).

Nagybacon consisted of two parts before 1876, one part, named Sepsibacon, was administered by the one seat, Miklósvárszék, the other part, named Telegdibacon was administered by another seat, Bardóc-fiúszék (subdivision of seat). The village became known for tile making, there are still many active firms in the village.

Tourist sights of the village: the ethnographic collection of Vilmos Kusztos, the Reformed church, the Reformed community centre, which was designed by the famous Transylvanian architect, Károly Kós, in 1927, the monuments built for the heroes of the two World Wars and for the millennium of the Hungarian Conquest.

The region is rich in mineral water. The Kincses-barlang (The Treasure Cave), in the valley of Setétpatak, named after the sparkling pyrites from the sandstones is worth visiting as well.

Kisbacon (Bățanii Mici) is the smallest village of Barót Region, called also the village of tales for two reasons: Elek Benedek, the biggest Hungarian taleteller, who was born here called this village the „the land of tales” and the periodically organised „tale rambles”. The „tale rambles” are entertaining and educational community activities which aim to familiarise the tradition of the region through tales. The tourist sighs of the village: The Elek Benedek Memorial House, the watermill and the Reformed church.

Magyarhermány (Herculian) was well known for its pottery masters and coopers and also for its red andesite, called the “herculian stone”. The geological rarity of the village is the unique variant of the opal, formed from the precipitation of geyser sediments, called Dobos cake opal from Bodvaj. It is called Dobos cake, because it is layered in opal (white) and limonite (ochre).

MáthéJános (1898-1986) is a well-known ethnographer of the village for his unique and very precious work entitled The Chronology of Magyarhermány.

Szárazajta (AitaSeacă) In the centre of the city there is the monument of the 13 Szekler martyrs build from basalt columns. On the 26th of September 1944 the Maniu Guards executed 13 Hungarian people in the yard of the local school. On the execution place there is a wooden grave headstone.

Uzonkafürdő (Ozunca-Băi) is a small bathing resort of Barót Region. Wooden baths were already constructed in the 19th century in order to help healing and refreshment. Its bog is a protected area where many rare plants can be found. Only 2 km far from the centre of the village, in the riverbank, one can find the tuff cone of the Pisztrángos mineral water spring.


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